Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Related party transactions

Related party transactions
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2017
Related Party Transactions [Abstract]  
Related party transactions
Related Party Transactions
The Company has two affiliated companies, namely Ultra Emissions Technologies Ltd, and TTcogen LLC. These companies are related because either several of the major stockholders of those companies have a significant ownership position in the Company or they are joint ventures between Tecogen and other parties.
In January of 2017, prior to its acquisition of American DG Energy, the Company purchased a large quantity of used equipment from American DG Energy for approximately $985,000. Tecogen plans to sell this equipment to specific customers in the coming quarters.
In connection with the acquisition of American DG Energy, the Company assumed a loan from John N. Hatsopoulos, the Company's Co-Chief Executive Officer and a Company Director. The loan is in the amount of $850,000 and bears interest at 6%, payable quarterly, and matures and becomes due and payable on May 25, 2018.
Ultra Emissions Technologies Ltd.
On December 28, 2015, the Company entered into a joint venture agreement relating to the formation of a joint venture company (the “JV”) organized to develop and commercialize Tecogen’s patented technology (“Ultera® Technology”) designed to reduce harmful emissions generated by engines using fossil fuels. The joint venture company, called Ultra Emissions Technologies Limited, was organized under the laws of the Island of Jersey, Channel Islands.
The Company received a 50% equity interest in the JV in exchange for a fully paid-up worldwide license to use Tecogen’s Ultera emissions control technology in the field of mobile vehicles burning fossil fuels. The other half of the joint venture equity interests were purchased for $3,000,000 by a small group of offshore investors. Warrants to purchase additional equity securities in the JV were granted to all parties pro rata. If the venture is not successful, all licensed intellectual property rights will revert to Tecogen.

On August 2, 2016, Tecogen exercised 2,000,000 warrants (the "Ultratek Warrants"), in the JV, at $1.00 per share, for an aggregate amount of $2 million. The funds used to exercise the Ultratek Warrants were acquired by the Company from the holders of certain Company warrants (the "Tecogen Warrant Holders"), when they partially exercised their Tecogen warrants (the "Tecogen Warrants"), in July of 2016. The Tecogen Warrant Holders exercised a total of 675,000 Tecogen Warrants with a $4.00 exercise price, resulting in cash proceeds of $2,700,000 to the Company, which the Company then used in part to invest in the JV. An additional $8,500,000 was raised from other outside investors for a total equity investment in the JV to date of $13,500,000. Due to this investment, Tecogen's ownership has decreased to 43%.

The JV is expected to have losses as it performs the necessary research and development with the Ultera technology. The Company accounts for its interest in the JV using the equity method.  Income and losses will be recorded consistent with an agreement between the JV shareholders as to how income and losses will be allocated.  These allocations are consistent with the allocation of cash distributions and liquidating distributions of the JV.  The shareholder agreement calls for Tecogen's investment to be returned before any other shareholder if the venture does not achieve commercialization.  As a result, as of September 30, 2017, Tecogen has not recorded any of the losses of the JV as the cumulative losses of the JV have not exceeded the other owners' investments to date. As of September 30, 2017, $94,777 is due to Tecogen from Ultratek.
TTcogen LLC
On May 19, 2016, the Company along with Tedom a.s., a corporation incorporated in the Czech Republic and a European combined heat and power product manufacture ("Tedom"), entered into a joint venture, where the Company will hold a 50% participating interest and the remaining 50% interest will be with Tedom. As part of the joint venture, the parties agreed to create a Delaware limited liability company, TTcogen LLC ("TTcogen"), to carry out the business of the venture. Tedom granted TTcogen the sole and exclusive right to market, sell, offer for sale, and distribute certain products as agreed to by the parties throughout the United States. The product offerings of the joint venture expand the current Tecogen product offerings to the MicroCHP of 35kW to large 4,000kW plants. Tecogen agreed to refer all appropriate sale leads to TTcogen regarding the products agreed to by the parties and Tecogen shall have the first right to repair and maintain the products sold by TTcogen.

The Company accounts for its interest in TTcogen's operations using equity method accounting. Any initial operating losses of TTcogen are to be borne and funded by Tedom. To the extent any such losses are borne and funded solely by Tedom, the Company will not recognize any portion of such losses given the Company does not guarantee the obligations of the joint venture nor is it committed to provide funding to the joint venture. As of period ending September 30, 2017, $391,618 is due to Tecogen from TTcogen.

On September 22, 2017, the Company provided written notice to Tedom and Tedom USA Inc., a Delaware subsidiary of Tedom (“Tedom USA”) in exercise of its rights under the Join Venture Agreement dated May 19, 2016 ("JVA") and its corresponding LLC Operating Agreement ("LLC Operating Agreement"), of the immediate termination of the JVA and LLC Operating Agreement. This notice begins the dissolution process under the LLC Operating Agreement. The termination notice was the result of a material and incurable breach of certain provisions thereunder by Tedom and/or Tedom USA. The Company intends to work together with Tedom to come to an amicable decision to create a new path forward for TTcogen and the relationship between the Company and Tedom and/or facilitate an amicable wind up of TTcogen's affairs as provided for in the LLC Operating Agreement and in accordance with the terms therewith.